2+2 dialogue | What is COMCASA? Key India-US defence deal explained

2+2 dialogue | What is COMCASA? Key India-US defence deal explained

2+2 dialogue | What is COMCASA? Key India-US defence deal explained

After the signing the COMCASA agreement India will get the advanced encrypted military technology and hardware from the counterpart country.

In an apparent reference to China and its Belt and Road initiative - which floods developing countries with cash for infrastructure projects that sometimes can not be repaid - Pompeo said the USA and India wish to pursue "fundamental rights and liberties and prevent external economic coercion". Data acquired through such systems can not be disclosed or transferred to any person or entity without India's consent. Washington and New Delhi share concerns over Pakistan-based anti-Western and anti-Indian Islamist militant groups.

While it is expected that the final negotiations of the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA) and other high-level defense exchanges under the Defense Trade and Technology Initiative (DTTI) will take center stage, both sides will also need to clarify their respective positions vis-à-vis Russia, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan and China.

In his remarks, Pompeo said both sides should continue to ensure freedom of the seas and work towards peaceful resolutions of maritime disputes.

Swaraj said India recognises the value of the Terrorists Designations Dialogue established past year as well as other mechanisms to promote cooperation in counter-terrorism and homeland security.

"The US and India already have that foundation in our commitment to a safe, secure, prosperous, and free Indo-Pacific region, where sovereignty of all nations is respected, worldwide norms are upheld, disputes are resolved peacefully, and nations freely transit global waters and airspace, and further to borrow Prime Minister Modi's words again, nations are free from impossible debt burdens imposed by others", he said.

The agreement was signed during a meeting in New Delhi among U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, and their Indian counterparts.

"The sanctions aren't meant to adversely impact countries like India", said Pompeo. The Trump administration has fumbled an opportunity to cultivate better ties with India, which has always been a tricky US relationship. Meanwhile, the "2+2" came like the bull in a China shop, scattering incipient trends of new thinking in Indian foreign policy since April.

The United States has emerged as India's second largest arms supplier, closing $15 billion worth of deals in the past decade. The US was also not likely to raise objections to India buying the S-400 air defence system from Russian Federation, one of the people mentioned above said. Under current U.S. rules, third countries could face sanctions if they transact with Russian defence or intelligence sectors. The purchase will violate sanctions under the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) instituted by Congress on arms purchases from Russian Federation, but lawmakers have allowed the possibility of a presidential waiver.

They said the pact, which came into effect immediately, will ensure interoperability among the U.S. and the Indian armed forces.

The Trump White House has said that it seeks to bring Iran's oil sales supposedly down to "zero".

India is Iran's top oil buyer after China, and it is seeking a waiver from the United States. "Given those values, India and the United States have a natural starting point for advancing at free and open Indo-Pacific".

He noted access to Iranian oil imports were vital to India's growth in the coming decades, while the U.S. is demanding allies cut trade with Tehran.

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